History of Acura
The American company Acura was founded in 1986 as the North American division group Honda for sale prestigious models on the markets of the USA and Canada. The first model was a response to introduced in 1985 ban on the export of cars to the U.S. from other countries. It is such a serious step to create a separate brand in the future was picked up by other Japanese companies Toyota and Nissan.
The main difference between cars Acura is the lack of equipment options - all models available on the market exclusively in the maximum version. However, the first model called the Acura Legend was released on the market only in 1987. The car is available in three different body styles, and the engine was revolutionary straight-six power unit with a volume of 2.7 liters.
In 1990, the company expanded its product range, introducing a sports coupe called the NSX, which has a 3.5 liter engine, with a capacity of 255 horsepower. The car was revolutionary aluminum wheel drive and rear-wheel drive transmission with a computer, responsible for distribution of power to each wheel. Due to the fact that the body was made with all the developments in the field of aerodynamics, thanks to the participation of the group in the Formula 1, the coefficient of air resistance was reduced to 0.25 units. In 1997 he was presented the second generation NSX, which received a more powerful engine, with a capacity of 280 horsepower and engine size was increased to 3.2 liters. However, in the race for the best time on the German track, the Nurburgring, the company's engineers were able to develop the engine to 293 horsepower, which until 2008 was a record achievement for the serial motors. The model was discontinued in 2005, but in the summer of 2013, it was announced that Acura is working on a new version of the NSX and the model will go on sale next year.
In 1991, the market reached its third model Acura Integra, which was available in versions of the sedan and sports coupe. The first version came in a coupe with a 1.8 liter petrol engine, whose power was 144 horsepower, and the price was set at the level of competitors from Nissan and Toyota. Sports coupe had the same options as the sedan version, except that the engine has reached 170 horsepower, and the body was made in the likeness of the NSX. The model lasted on the market until 2000, after suffering several upgrades, which were primarily related to increasing the power output of the engine and adding new options in the equipment model.
Compact sedan Acura EL was released in 1995. The car was built based on Honda zivic. There was, however, more advanced technical features, which allowed sales to surpass all other competitors in the segment of compact luxury sedan. Restyled model, introduced in 2003, has received a more powerful engine in 2 liters at a power of 190 horsepower and to this day is included in the actual model number of the manufacturer.
The most important year in the history of the company Acura can be called the year of 1996, when the premiere of the first mid-size SUV SLX disc brakes and two turbo engines. Of course, the model significantly inferior competitors from companies Ford and General motors, however, sales of the model were not too successful and in 1999 it was removed from production.
In 2000, he was presented the most successful model of the company, which currently remains the best-selling cars Acura. Model MDX - full-size SUV with a turbocharged six-cylinder motor, the capacity of 228 horsepower and beauty increased comfort. The car had a weight of 2.5 tons, but it didn't prevent her to demonstrate the maximum speed of 180 km / h and 210 km / h, after restyling, when he was presented with a new motor, rated at 263 horsepower.
In 2004 Acura produces a series TSX sports sedan c 200-horsepower engine and 5-speed automatic and 6-speed manual transmission with sequential switching SportShift.
At the end of 2004 there was a new series TL - a brand new car with a beautiful body silhouette, 3.2-liter, 270-horsepower engine, leather interior and the latest technologies: Bluetooth, eight-channel sound of DVD-Audio and DTS 6-disc Changer, HandsFreeLink.
In 2005 brand new RL has revised the standards for exclusive hire. RL is equipped with a 300 horsepower engine, VTEC engine, revolutionary SH-AWD system, providing cornering stability and easy maneuvering.
2006 Acura has expanded into the Chinese market, and in 2008 at the Japanese.
In 2009, debuted the new crossover Acura ZDX.
In January 2012 at the auto show in Detroit, the company Acura is going to show three new products: the prototype sports ILX sedan, the redesigned RDX crossover and the concept of the NSX supercar.
2014 official sales of company cars Acura will start in Russia, and the range will be similar to the main competitors. In addition to the full-size SUV MDX and two luxury sedans RL and TL, buyers will be available ZDX crossovers, submitted in 2010. This model became the embodiment of all new trends in the American automotive market. Under the hood of the ZDX a 3.5-liter gasoline engine of 300 horsepower and futuristic design, which has no analogues in the model number of the parent company Honda.