History of Alpina
The history of the company "Alpina" originates in 1961, when a young Burkard of Bovensiepen began working on a dual carburetor for installation on BMW 1500. Already in 1964 the high quality of his work was appreciated Paul Hahnemann, who was in charge at that time sales corporations "BMW". Burkard gathered engines manually in the factory of his father, and similar skills he more than once came in handy in the future practice.
In 1965 Burkard of Bovensiepen founds the company "ALPINA Burkard Bovensiepem KG, and hires first 8 employees. In 1967, the firm gets its own logo, which gives its products the brand awareness and is since then a mark of quality. A year later, "Alpina" first exhibited the car at the body of the championship, starting thus another glorious page in our history. Machine company has been continuously occupied prize-winning places, and in 1970 showed up on the first step of the pedestal, putting into the Treasury of the company immediately a number of prestigious awards. For the honor of becoming a pilot "Alpina" fought many famous racing drivers, and among those who did James hunt, Derek bell, Brian Muir and other stars of Motorsport.
In 1971 BMW charges "Alpina" development of a lightweight version of the BMW 3,0 CS. This order was necessary to the automaker in order to support their success in racing as competitors began to increase the momentum. The resulting coupe was rated very highly, and as a sign of its work, the company "Alpina" installed on the car its signature 20-spoke wheels.
1973 was a great year for the company successful and difficult at the same time. On the one hand, racing team "Alpina" won a number of competitions, and one pilot, Niki Lauda, even sets an absolute record in the circuit race Nurburgring for 6 hours. On the other, the country began an energy crisis, and the entire automotive industry has focused on the decline. However, in this difficult time "Alpina" does not dismiss any employee, and adapts to the situation, grasp the development of fuel-efficient gasoline engines.
In 1975 the company "Alpina", together with the leading dealers of BMW, begins the creation of a dealer network in Germany, Switzerland and the UK, learning thus new markets.
In 1977 the company leaves the racing on a positive note, leaving the body in the race behind the riders of the Jaguar, which was considered the undisputed leaders. The next ten years, the firm posvjatila the development and production of road cars of the highest quality. Through the year "Alpina" is a new generation of vehicles with 6-cylinder engines with a volume of 2.8 liters (base model BMW only offered with a 4-cylinder) and a completely new system in the automotive industry - electronic ignition system.
In 1979 Burkard of Bovensiepen opens a new direction of their company. Now she's engaged, and even sales of premium wines. Thanks to its outstanding reputation in the primordial sphere, "Alpina" is fast gaining this market, and its customers becomes almost the entire German network of restaurants of a class "Lux". And the car company opens a new market - this time in Japan.
In 1981, the magazine "Auto Motor und Sport" company and the "Shell" has organized a competition among fuel-efficient cars. Assembled by craftsmen "Alpina BMW 318i takes first place in its class, using just 100km 2,672 liter of fuel.
A milestone for the company "Alpina" was 1983. Federal transport Agency Germany presented its status automaker, by putting so one step with a constant partner of the firm, "BMW".
In 1985 the entire range of cars "Alpina" gets new engines with a metal catalyst, which was very technologically advanced for its time. At that time, the industry has used for installation in motor ceramic catalysts, and only after several years has been the move to metal.
In 1987, ended a decade-long absence "Alpina" in Motorsport. The company again creates a racing team and participates in the body of the German championship. Pilots "Alpina" take a number of prizes at the wheel Alpina M3 Gruppe A. In addition, rewarded with praise and a metal catalyst used in the engines of these cars, which later became a mandatory component of all racing cars of the German touring championship. However, just a year later, "Alpina" again closes the area of sports due to the lack of production capacities and focuses on the design of road vehicles.
In 1989 the company introduced its new development, Alpina B10 Bi-Turbo. It has attracted great attention of motorists around the world, as the famous racing driver Paul frére said in an interview with the magazine "Road & Track", which for him is the best sedan in the world. The model provides considerable sales growth "Alpina", and a year later the firm expands production. The number of employed professionals increases to 120 people, and to ensure a comfortable and productive employees "Alpina" is building a new complex of industrial and administrative buildings.
In 1992 released Alpina B12 5,7 Coupe. This model was the first car, which was equipped with electronic system "Swift-Tronic" to control the clutch. The machine has a 6-speed transmission, and was extremely easy to manage, despite the strangeness of the concept with missing clutch pedal.
Established in 1993, the technology shift with the buttons on the steering wheel is a transition step for drivers who are accustomed to self-switching, from mechanics to automation. "Swich-Tronic" allows them to see the advantages of modern technologies for automatic boxes.
In 1995 "Alpina" massively sets on their cars, new metal catalysts, equipped with electric heating. Technology gets the name "SUPERKAT", and was the result of joint development of three companies - "Alpina", "BMW" and "Emitec". Through its use, the hire company were 80% more environmentally friendly than required by the standard, is launched next year.
A new era in the company's activities began in 1999, when "Alpina" presented at the Geneva motor show its first diesel car. Alpina D10 Bi-Turbo was, among, other things, and even the most powerful sedan with a diesel engine, which was manufactured by the automotive industry at that time.
In 2002, "Alpina" develops and produces its own version of the BMW Z8 - Alpina Roadster V8, equipped with technology "Swich-Tronic". This car was designed for those who love to drive with the wind in your hair", and was released in a limited edition of 555 pieces. Also, he became the first model, presented at the American market.
In 2003, the company's engineers develop the engine with radial mechanical compressor for installation in the Alpina B7. Put together the latest developments made it possible to reduce the fuel consumption of your vehicle and CO2 emissions, despite the fact that the engine power was 500 horsepower.
In Alpina B5 2005 release, the company establishes a 4.4-liter V8 engine equipped with a turbocharger. Many motorists took this model as a decent shift for B10 Bi-Turbo. The car received a huge power characteristics and excellent aerodynamics, which allowed him to stand on one stage with the most famous sports cars.
In 2007 the company "Alpina" presented Alpina B3 Bi-Turbo, which was equipped with a 6-cylinder engine with a volume of 3 liters. This machine became the successor of the success stories of the legendary model of the company Alpina B6 2,8, established in 1978.
In 2008 the company opened a new development center to maintain high product quality and develop new technologies for their vehicles. And the next year was the return date "Alpina" in Motorsport. On the FIA GT3 in Europe the honor of the firm defended Alpina B6 GT3, and the competition was held among such well-known car brands as Aston Martin, Lamborghini, Porsche, Ferrari and other. Team "Alpina" four wins victory at the European Championships, not only because of the perfect machines, but also the efforts of experienced riders, among whom were Chris Mamerow, Maxime Martin, Claudia Hurtgen and Andreas Wirth.
In 2010 the company launched on the Japanese market first diesel model. This step was pretty bold, considering that Japan has relatively high requirements for environmentally friendly cars, and diesels do not have good indicators in this plan. However, the "Alpina" could make the Alpina D3 Bi-Turbo suitable for all settings of the Japanese standards.
In 2011, "Alpina" gets new sports awards. This time the racers firm won in the racing series "ADAC GT Masters. Driving Alpina B6 GT Evo at these competitions sat Alexandros Margaritis and Dino Lunardi. The car itself has been seriously upgraded in winter 2010.
At the Tokyo motor show the same year was presented a special model, made on the basis of the Alpina B3 S Bi-Turbo. This coupe was made in sporty design and a limited edition of 99 copies.
In 2012, sales of "Alpina" in the United States exceeded 400 cars that made this market is extremely important for the company.