History of Renault
In 1898, was founded by the French company Renault, specializing in the production of cars. At the origins of the brand were brothers Louis and Marcel Renault, each of which took over certain functions in the development of the company. So, Louis was the Director and chief engineer, responsible for creating cars and Marseille took on the task of working with Finance and advertising.
In the same year he was presented the first model of the brand, Voiturette, equipped with a power unit with a capacity of 0.75 horsepower. In 1901 were presented two new models of the company, one of them was Renault AG-1. In addition, they invested heavily in the modernisation of the Belgian automotive company, which became the first partner of the French brand, and then joined Renault. By 1904 the annual production of cars of the company exceeded one thousand copies a year. A year later, the French government ordered the brothers Reno 250 taxis that made possible the first testing conveyer workshop of the company. This was followed by similar orders from the United States of America, Canada and Argentina. In 1906, the world saw the first bus company "Renault".
In 1910, the brand has released two new models that have managed to go on sale before the First World War, but their production was phased out in 1914, and the company switched to production of trucks and light tanks. In the first postwar period, engineers Renault engaged in the development of their early models, which take part in some racing competitions, the crown jewel of which was the victory at the rally Monte Carlo.
By 1928 the production of a French brand was expanded, and the world saw the new model of the company, received a new 7-liter engine. Just one year there were more than 300 offices of the company "Renault" in 50 countries, which enabled Louis to Reno finally feel a major success. Despite the beginning of the economic crisis, sales of Renault cars continue to grow steadily. However, after 9 years, the main source of income of the French company was especially compact economy cars that was in great demand among buyers from Europe and the United States of America.
In 1939, Louis Renault began work on a new model, which promised to be a real revolution in the automotive industry, but began the Second World War and the company "Renault" again shifted to the production of military equipment for the army in France and Belgium. The unfortunate result of the German occupation of France was that under the control of the German government moved all the plants of Renault. The founders of the company were sent to a small Chateau in the South of France, and then in one of the prisons, where in 1944 and died Louis. In the same year the control of the company "Renault" received the French government, which nationalized all businesses and achievements of the brand.
In 1946, there was presented a compact four-door sedan Renault 4CV with the power unit located at the rear of the car. In just 15 years, has sold over 1 million copies of this model, which helped to restore the influence of the brand on the European car market.
In 1965 was presented the world's first car with hatchback body, which was developed by the engineers of the company "Renault" and equipped with front-wheel drive transmission, which became the first in the history of the brand. In 1972, the model was updated and received the name of the Renault 5. Thanks to this model, the mass occurrence of the French brand in the automotive market in Latin America. Also, thanks to Renault 5 the management of the company decided to create their own racing division and tuning workshop. So were presented company "Renault Sport" and "Alpine".
In 1966 concluded an Alliance with the main competitor of "Reno" in the automotive market in France - concern "Peugeot", which has become a technological partner of the brand for a long time. As a result of this cooperation were signed several large contracts, and in 1971 to the partnership of the two French companies joined the Swedish company Volvo, which has become a technological partner Renault in creating commercial and freight transport.
By 1990, the company "Renault" has become a successful seller of its vehicles in the automotive market of the United States of America, capturing a considerable share in 2% of the total number of cars sold. One of the reasons for the success was the release of the Espace minivan, which was specially developed for sale in the U.S. and Canada, which allowed to define more accurately the preferences of customers. In 1990 he was presented subcompact hatchback Renault Clio, who won in 1991, the title of the best car.
In 1992, begin work on the creation of a city car with low fuel consumption and small size, which would increase the share of the car market in Western Europe. So I saw the light model Tiggo received 1 liter engine from the Japanese company Nissan.
In 1996, after the change of leadership, the Renault company was privatized, and the offer is available on all major world markets. Due to rapid growth of prices for securities brands, as well as the conclusion of a number of strategic agreements, "Reno" acted as one of the saviors of the brand "Nissan", which was on the verge of bankruptcy in 1997. Was purchased shares in 37% of Nissan and Japanese firm received a 15% stake in Renault.
In the same year, Renault bought a bankrupt Romanian brand "Dacia", with its production capacity. In 1998, the Renault-Nissan launched production of universal platforms that could be used to create the cars of each brand, without the need to spend money on the development of models from scratch.
Following a loud purchase was the acquisition unit trucks production company "Volvo", which allowed Renault to be among the largest manufacturers of heavy trucks. At the same time, at the helm of Nissan becomes Carlos Ghosn, determined the development of the whole concern in the coming decades.
In 2002, the company returned to Formula-1, becoming one of the permanent participants. So have scored a superb victory in the drivers ' championship and brands in 2005 and 2006. However, by 2010, the company's presence was limited to only supply power units for a number of teams, including the future Champions of the "Red bull", which became the technological partners of the company "Nissan" in creating sports cars.
In 2006, the French company was bought by another automaker, this time South Korea's Samsung motors, which became the official supplier of cars Renault and Nissan in South Korea and China. In addition, we formed a joint venture with Samsung electronics, which started to create computers for future models of the French brand.
In 2007 he was presented the most popular car brand Renault in the first decade of the 21st century - Renault Logan/Sandero, built on a single platform Renault-Nissan B. In the future, the car formed the basis of the whole model range of the company, which is positioned as a budget.
In the same year, Renault took a course on the creation of crossovers and all-wheel drive vehicles under its own brand, but the project was quickly collapsed, and for the development of a single wheel-drive platform took brand "Nissan". In addition, due to the successful sales of the luxury cars of the group division - "infinity", was expanded presence of concern "Renault-Nissan" in the automotive market of the United States of America and China.
In 2010, China had several joint ventures "Reno" with local brands that will allow for the construction of new plants for the production of power units. Through the year it was founded, the Chinese division of the company "Renault". It is expected that by 2016 it will start to release all-wheel drive crossovers Koleos and compact sedans Fluence.
In 2012, we started a large-scale renewal of the model range of the company, and were introduced to the concepts of cars Renault, which will be available after 2015.