History of Skoda
In 1919 appeared automotive division of the "Laurin and Klement", called "Skoda". Despite the fact that the firm has no experience in creating a full-fledged car, "Laurin and Klement" successfully produced bicycles with internal combustion engine, having a wide spread far beyond his native Czech Republic.
The first car model company "Skoda" was developed in conjunction with the company Hispano-Suiza, and clients of the Czech steel top managers of the Czech Republic and Germany. Later began free sales model Skoda HB6, but their circulation is not exceeded 101 instance. The highlight of this car became independent suspension and a 6.5-liter straight-six power unit, with a capacity of 100 horsepower.
In 1924 plants "Skoda" started the production of a second model, which was the mid-sized truck, 5-ton capacity. Instead of the internal combustion engine was used tube boiler, with a capacity of 70 horsepower, and the additional weight of the car was a stock of coal required to bring the machine in motion.
A year later began a massive restructuring of the company, which led to the acquisition of a new plant, where it was planned to produce only passenger cars Skoda. Also received large subsidies from the governments of Germany and Austria. In the same year, was officially registered logo "Skoda", which appeared on all future models. In 1928, for health reasons, the company has left one of its founders Vaclav Laurin.
To retirement Clement was timed to coincide with the release of brand new cars Skoda 4R and 6R, received the first gearbox, built on modern principles. However, most sold copies of the new models were limited to the chassis, body, still buyers could order from a third-party Studio. Through the year was presented luxury version of these models, called Skoda 860 and more perfect eight-cylinder power unit with the capacity of 60 horsepower.
Since the beginning of the 30s of the twentieth century, engineers began to create a people's car that can meet the needs of different segments of the population. One of the reasons for such a sharp change of course was the economic crisis of 1929, beskrivelse the economy of the entire European continent. The first car was released in 1932. Under the hood is located three-cylinder power unit with a capacity of 32 horsepower, worked together with the three-step mechanical gearbox. The main feature of the model was low weight at classic cars, two-door, four-wheel drive.
However, in 1934, was presented the prestigious new model Skoda Superb, equipped with six-cylinder power unit of its own production. The end of the 30s, was marred by the departure of the second founder Vaclav Klement in 1938. In 1939, took out the Czech brand in the automotive market in Germany. At the Berlin motor show was presented model Skoda Popular 1100, which attracted the attention of the government delegation, headed by Hitler.
Just a few months later began the occupation of Czechoslovakia, during which the majority of industrial enterprises were destroyed or closed. However, a similar fate befell mark "Skoda". Initially, the occupation government was replaced by top management of the company, and in 1940, at the factories of the brand began the manufacturing of avtobusov, trucks and wings for airplanes German army. Was also built an additional plant for the production of artillery tractor Skoda RSO, designed by Ferdinand Porsche.
In 1945, after the resumption of production at the plants, "Skoda", was immediately presents a new model of Skoda Popular 1101 representing a modified pre-war model. However, until 1953 production of Skoda cars had low volumes, ensuring the needs of the new government of Czechoslovakia. This year was presented Skoda Spartak received in serial production in 1955 under the name Skoda 440. The engine was located four-cylinder power unit with a capacity of 40 horsepower, mounted on a tubular frame.
In 1959 came the second generation model 440, called the superb Combi. In addition, there were two modifications of the car is superb Combi Super with engine capacity of 45 horsepower and convertible, Felicia with motor power of 50 horsepower. However, the 60s of the twentieth century was marked by stagnation, which led to a serious technological gap brand from competitors from other countries that had a negative impact on the produced models, and after the crisis has overtaken the economy of Czechoslovakia. The company "Skoda" ceased to produce new models, being confined to the modernization of the existing cars, which were delivered not only in the domestic automotive market, but also in all countries of Eastern Europe, where the brand has a leading position until the end of 80-ies.
In 1987, after the start cooperation with bodywork Studio "Burton", was presented a new model of Skoda, called Favorit 3. Production of the model began in December 1987, and sales model demonstrated a brighter future, which would allow the company to re-enter the international arena. In 1988, construction began on a new plant capable of meeting the high demand for the new model, but the project was never completed, because in 1989 the Communist regime of Czechoslovakia fell. It was a real blow to the state of the Czech brand, putting it in a crisis situation. Moreover, in 1991, began the procedure of bankruptcy of the company "Skoda", but due to the intervention of the state, the question of closing the firm was filmed.
However, it was delivered a harsh condition, according to which the management of the company had to find a technology partner that can make significant investment and technology for the future existence of the brand. This partner was the German concern Volkswagen, bought a controlling stake, including the "Skoda" among their brands.
In 1992, work began on the creation of a compact sedan, is able to become a new people's car. On the platform of the Volkswagen Golf third generation were installed 1.5-litre power units with a capacity of 55 and 74 horsepower from Audi, and the new car was named Skoda Octavia Tour. In addition, a year later was presented to the diesel engine capacity of 70 horsepower. In the same year was presented a new generation Skoda Felicia, which has become much more modern and reliable than any previous generation. In addition, this model became available in other countries, in consequence, becoming in Spanish and Portuguese car market one of the first new cars "Seat".
In 1999 he was presented subcompact model Fabia, who replaced the Felicia. In 2001, began mass production of a full-sized sedan Skoda Superb, built on the basis of the Audi A6.
By 2006, the company Skoda has become one of the most profitable divisions of the Volkswagen, as a result, all subsequent models of the brand have been developed with the full independence of the engineers of the brand, which allowed us to capture significant market share.
In 2010, it was announced about a complete change in the actual model number. In addition, all new company cars were produced with the use of best practices for premium brand Audi, which allowed the "Skoda" keep all the main features of their cars, increasing the build quality and dynamic characteristics.